Amritsar had its beginnings when, in the 16th century, Guru Ramdas, the fourth Sikh Guru settled down by a pool with miraculous healing powers. His son, Guru Arjun Dev, built a temple in the midst of this pool and enshrined in it the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs.
In 1803, the renowned Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered the lower half of the temple with marble and upper half of the temple was encrusted later with pure gold leaf, which has given it the name, the Golden temple.
Near Amritsar is Ram Tirath, the birth place of Lav and Kush, the sons of Rama of the epic, Ramayana.
Altitude : 234 metres high Season : Throughout the year except that during the months of May and June, the days are really hot. Clothing Summer : Cotton Winter : Woollens