Arunchal one of the most sparsely populated states of India, borders China, Bhutan Myanmar. There are five major rivers-Kameng, Subansiri, Siang (later the Brahamputra in Assam), Lohit and Tirap and the mountain ranges follow the river systems. Home to a complex mix of communities, its people are friendly, colourful and simple. Its rich flora ranges from the alpine to the subtropical, from rhododendrons to orchids. Its verdant forests, turbulent streams, lofty mountains and snow clad peaks make it a unique place offering the tourist numerous opportunities for rafting ,hiking and mountaineering.
Arunchal Pradesh finds mention in the literature such as Kalika Purana and in the epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana.It is believed that saga Vyasa mediated here and also that the remains of the brick structure, scattered around two villages in the hills north of Roing was the palace of Rukmini, the consort of Lord Krishna. The sixth Dalai Lama was also born on the soil of Arunachal Pradesh.